|New England state of the NE United States. It is bordered by New Hampshire, across the Connecticut R., Massachusetts, New York, with Lake Champlain forming almost half the border, and the Canadian province of Quebec.
Area, 9,609 sq mi (24,887 sq km).
Pop. (2000) 608,827, an 8.2% increase since the 1990 census.
Largest city, Burlington.
Nickname, Green Mountain State.
Motto, Freedom and Unity.
State bird, hermit thrush.
State flower, red clover.
State tree, sugar maple.
Dairy farming has long been dominant in Vermont agriculture, although it has declined somewhat. Apples, cheese, maple syrup, and greenhouse and nursery products are important. The state's most valuable mineral resources are stone, asbestos, sand and gravel, and talc. In the areas around Rutland and Proctor is a noted marble industry, and at Barre the famous Vermont granite is quarried and processed.
The manufacture of nonelectric machinery, machine tools, and precision instruments is important. The textile industry, once dominant in Burlington, has declined, but the manufacture of computer components, food products, pulp and paper, and plastics has helped to compensate for this loss. Cottage industries have long thrived in Vermont, making a variety of products from knitwear to ice cream. Tourism is also vitally important to the state economy.
Every summer thousands of vacationers are drawn by the scenic mountains and the picturesque New England villages, while climbers attempt the many accessible peaks and hikers take on the Long Trail that runs the length of the state along the Green Mt. ridge. In the winter thousands of skiers flock to the slopes at Mad River Glen, Bromley, Stowe, Stratton, and elsewhere. Montpelier is the capital, Burlington is the largest city.
*Information from Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition